I Give You Thanks My God – Bernard Dadie

Posted: January 25, 2011 in IVORIAN POETRY

POET’S PROFILE

Dadie

Dadie

Bernard Dadie was born an Ivorian in 1916. He had his education both in his native country and in Senegal where he graduated with a degree in Administration. In this light, he had very intense experience of his Africanness from two perspectives. After his schooling, he worked for twelve years at a museum in Dakar and this opened his eyes to African folklore and traditions. He returned to Ivory Coast in 1947 and got engaged in dramatic and literary activity.

This poem is translated from his publication La Ronde des Jours (1956). He has written several plays and chronicled many dramatic pieces on African tradition and legend including the more Francophone-popular Monsieur Thogô-Gnini which satirizes the social anomalies of post-colonial society.


I GIVE YOU THANKS MY GOD

I give you thanks my God for having created me black
For having made of me
The total of all sorrows,
and set upon my head
5 the World.
I wear the livery of the Centaur
And I carry the World since the first morning.

White is a colour improvised for an occasion
Black, the colour of all days
10 And I carry the World since the first night.

I am happy
with the shape of my head
fashioned to carry the World,
satisfied with the shape of my nose,
15 Which should breathe all the air of the World,
happy
with the form of my legs
prepared to run through all the stages of the World.

I give you thanks my God, for having created me black,
20 for having made of me
the total of all sorrows.
Thirty-six swords have pierced my heart.
Thirty-six brands have burned my body,
And my blood on all the calvaries has reddened the snow
25 And my blood from all the east has reddened nature.
And yet I am
Happy to carry the World,
Content with my short arms,
with my long legs,
30 with the thickness of my lips.

I give you thanks my God, for having created me black,
White is a colour for an occasion,
Black the colour of all days
And I carry the World since the morning of time.
35 And my laughter in the night brought forth day over
the World.
I give you thanks my God for having created me black.

REVIEW
This poem is a good anthem for black pride. It satirically weaves its way around mythical, biblical and historic tales and brings its story through.
Dadie is ironically thankful here to God for having made him a bearer of the world’s sorrow as a black man. This is a symbolic statement of the history of forced service and suppression that the black race has endured since “the first morning” (line 7) and “the first night” (line 10) of creation. Note that in the first chapter of the book of Genesis, the first in the bible, God remarks that “And there was evening and there was morning” before a day has come to completion. The black man has been made “The total of all sorrows” (line 3), a phrase that rivals the biblical allusion to Jesus Christ as a man of sorrows. (Isaiah 53:3; He was despised, and rejected by men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with disease: and as one from whom men hide their face he was despised; and we didn’t respect him). This allusion to the 53rd chapter of Isaiah is very useful in appreciating the depth of this poem as many more references are made to that chapter. This is the strength of this poem, comparing the black man to a type of Christ, bearing the weight of “the World” on his head, adorned otherwise in the uniform of a Centaur (line 6); a mythological half-man, half-horse.
In the third and fourth stanzas, Dadie is proud of “the shape of my head” (line 12), “the shape of my nose” (line 14), “the form of my legs” (line 17) and “the thickness of my lips” (line 30). He is pleased that they have been so formed to help him bear the suffering that is his curse. A most striking accession is the fact that his legs are made ready to run through all the stages of the World (line 18), an agreement to the fact that in all the generations of man, the black man has been a crucial role-player, leaving his prints.

But the beauty of this poem lies in the fourth stanza, where Dadie talks of thirty-six swords piercing his heart (line 22). This is much like Christ on the cross where a spear was thrust into his side. (Isaiah 53:5 – But he was pierced for our transgressions…). Thirty-six brands burnt his body (line 23) and proved that he is a whore, a slave of more than one owner, eligible to be trampled underfoot by all. And like Christ, “his blood on all the calvaries has reddened the snow” (line 24). To appreciate this line, it is worth noting that Christ was crucified on Calvary, a hill just outside the city walls of ancient Jerusalem according to the Bible. And also, if Dadie’s blood reddened the snow, then he bled in a foreign land where it snows, not in Africa. This just powerfully states the crimes of slavery and colonialism – dark chapters in Africa’s books. Dadie lays the blame right on snowy shores. On the doorstep of the white man.

The final stanza is where hope is set alight, like in all other African dreams. Dadie claims for the second time that “White is a colour for an occasion” (line 32) but “black is the colour for all days” (line 33). He laughs in the night in line 35 and his laughter brings on the day over the world. This is it: in the darkness of his circumstances, he is able to laugh. And it is this laughter that brings strength to defeat the burden of his oppression. The biblical Christ had the last laugh after he carried in his body the sins of Dadie’s World. In this victory, our black man Dadie is thankful to God for his blackness.

This is a truly moving tribute to the power of blackness, poetry and religion.

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Comments
  1. Beautiful poem, great review (analysis). I enjoy every piece you have done so far. Thanks for working on this blog.

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    • Dela says:

      Thank you for being the firmest believer in my work. It’s great to be listening to the voices of our fathers gone before in the ancient poems immortalised for us. This is a wonderful journey, really. Your blog intrigues as well, and you know it.

      Like

  2. aconerlycoleman says:

    I agree wholeheartedly w/ Nana Fredua-Agyeman!

    This poem is beautiful in it’s simplicity & humility. It embodies the spirit of a Christ-follower IMO.

    I need to re-read this…

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    • Dela says:

      Thanks a lot for the comment. I only discovered the poem the day before I reviewed it and I have since been struck by the beauty of the message. It means a lot, this poem. And you’re welcome to keep reading the entire blog too. Best.

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  3. Benjamin says:

    is nice

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  4. Dadie actually irrevocably influenced my life through his writing. It was from his writing that I grasped the value of education. Growing up in poverty in the Ivory Coast, it was that grasp that brought me to my life today. I am happy, happy with my successes and accomplishments. I wrote a book about my experience titled “Bully Mother.” And I someday want to go back home and help develop the laws and education system in the Ivory Coast.

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    • Dela says:

      I am very glad that you’re able to relate this blog with your life, the life of your mentor and the future of your country. It gives me pleasure to be working on this.

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  5. iwezu joy says:

    Wonderful

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  6. rizza says:

    great!

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  7. sachiko says:

    Psalms 118:28 says, You are my God, and I will give you thanks; you are my God, and I will exalt you. :))

    really wonderful literary work :)

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  8. deepa says:

    Thank you for your explanation to this poem. My son aged ten, has this poem as part of his study material. We live in India. I tried to explain the poem to him as best as I could, but now that I have read your piece, I will be able to explain it to him better. It is beautiful and has touched me deeply.

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  9. […] Binlin Dadié Ivory Coast/Côte d’Ivoire Dadié is one of the greats of African poetry. Check out the rest of this blog to learn more.  Here’s the original French version of the […]

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  10. joshuankoom says:

    I still love this poem just like the first time I read,Dadie words seem to leave a mark in my mind.Thanks for the review as well!!

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  11. irene opia says:

    thanks for analysising this poem. Please can you analysis the poem called the motoka by luzuka. Thank you in anticipation

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  12. joseph anoma says:

    Un parent dont on ne peut qu’être très fier!

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  13. […] started. His poems and fiction were inspiration for black nationalism or negritude. The poem “Je Vous Remercie Mon Dieu” is considered one of the greatest negritude anthems of all time. Dadié’s life’s […]

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  14. madhabi banerjee says:

    awsome. well penned . i love it . thanks for sharing

    Like

  15. jayson says:

    why mr. dadi use 36 sword of pieced of my heart ? please help me

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